Publikation Conversion – the future value of built substance

Publikation Conversion - the future value of built substance

Publication Conversion – the future value of built substance by Martina Baum in:

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and Skat – Swiss Resource Centre and Consultancies for Development
Sustainable Reconstruction in Urban Areas – A Handbook
2011

Introduction
More frequently, towns and urban agglomerations are affected by natural disasters. Large cities and mega-cities concentrate and magnify risk, but smaller cities also suffer from exposure to multiple risks. A recent example of the catastrophic effect on a city is that of Port-au-Prince in Haiti, where huge areas had been destroyed by a 7.0. magnitude earthquake in January 2010 - resulting in the deaths of at least 150,000 people, and making 1.5 million people homeless. Another example is the complex emergency that affected Japan, in early 2011 showing that even well-prepared nations with densely populated urban and peri-urban areas can be vulnerable to disasters. Therefore, involvement in reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts in urban and peri-urban areas has become increasingly significant. Field-focused guidance for practitioners and decisionmakers on key issues to inform current transitional shelter programming and the initiation of reconstruction and repair programmes in the urban content is crucial to ensure a sustainable recovery. There are various reconstruction manuals availabl, yet most of them focus only on rural areas. Consequently, Swiss Resource Centre and consultancies for Development (Skat) and the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent have compiled these guidelines with a focus on the urban context. On referring to these guidelines, the user will receive an overview of the issues and steps involved when undertaking sustainable reconstruction programmes following a natural disaster.

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